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HOW DOES NATURAL DISASTERS AFFECT THE COMMUNITY?

Millions of people are impacted annually by both artificial and natural disasters. Explosions, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, and flames are some examples of catastrophes. In a calamity, you risk passing away or getting hurt. Also, you can lose your neighborhood, belongings, and home. You risk experiencing emotional and physical health issues when under such stress.

Disaster-related stress reactions resemble typical trauma-related stress reactions in many ways. A wide range of emotional and physical emotions can result from disasters. Along with problems that arise afterward, you could also react to triggers or reminders of the trauma. Studying natural disasters has become more important than just finding write my assignment for me UK services for students.

RISK ELEMENTS

People are more prone to experience more severe or protracted stress reactions after disasters due to several causes, including the following:

EXPOSURE SEVERITY

Future mental health risks are strongly correlated with the extent of disaster exposure. Those who personally experience the calamity are more in danger. Those who have a direct touch with victims come next. Those who merely received indirect exposure, such as reports of terrible damage, are at a lesser risk of long-term effects. The things that cause mental health issues most frequently are harm and threats to one’s life. The results indicate that at least half of these survivor’s experience distress or mental health issues requiring medical attention.

FAMILY AND GENDER

Virtually invariably, women or girls experience worse outcomes than do boys or males. Family and work are the two most central commitments in the people lives (Hareven, 1982). Recovery after a disaster is more difficult when there are kids at home. Also, women who are married go through more pain when recovering. Everyone in the house experiences extra stress when a family member is disturbed. Disasters have been shown to raise marital stress. It is also more challenging to recover from disasters when there are disputes among family members or a lack of support in the house.

AGE

People between the ages of 40 and 60 are prone to experience more suffering following disasters. The assumption is that if you are in that age bracket, your career and family will demand more of you. There needs to be more data on how kids respond to natural calamities. Children typically display more extreme distress following accidents than adults. Children recover less well when their parents are under more stress.

ADDITIONAL ASPECTS THAT ARE UNIQUE TO THE SURVIVOR

Recovery from a disaster depends on several elements that are related to a survivor’s history and resources. Rehabilitation is more difficult if:

  • not operating efficiently before the disaster.
  • Have no prior experience managing disasters.
  • After the calamity, you’ll have to deal with new worries.
  • Have a low sense of self.
  • Feeling that others don’t take care of you.
  • Believe that you have little influence over your circumstances.
  • A lack of stress management skills.

Poorer results have also been linked to additional factors, including:

  • Loss of life (death of someone close).
  • Personal injury to oneself or a family member.
  • Danger to life.
  • Fear, horror, or similar emotions throughout the catastrophe.
  • Having to live apart from relatives (especially among youth).
  • Significant property loss.
  • Relocation (being forced to leave home).

THE DEVELOPING WORLD

These risk factors can worsen if a tragedy occurs in a developing nation. Disasters in developing countries negatively impact mental health more than disasters in developed nations. It is important to analyse factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent. Even with less severe calamities, this is true. For instance, natural disasters are typically regarded as less dangerous than those created by humans. Yet, compared to human-caused disasters in rich countries, natural disasters have more severe repercussions in underdeveloped nations.

A LACK OF OR INADEQUATE SOCIAL SUPPORT

The assistance of others can both increase danger and boost resilience. Following calamities, social support may deteriorate. This might result from stress and the need for support network members to move on with their lives. Sometimes the reactions of the people you depend on for assistance could be more favorable. For instance, someone might minimize your issues, demands, or discomfort or have unrealistic expectations for your recovery. This has a direct correlation to chronic distress in trauma survivors.

Social conflicts, even those that have been settled, may resurface following mass trauma. When people struggle to obtain desperately needed resources, racial, religious, ethnic, socioeconomic, and tribal divisions can reappear. If family members experience different things during the crisis, disagreements may develop. This establishes various rehabilitation paths, many of which are not understood among families. Family members may act as painful reminders of the calamity to one another.

Remember that although numerous calamities have directly impacted millions of individuals, most recover. Human nature is adaptable, and most people can recover from a catastrophe. Also, following an accident, some people say that things have improved. They might reevaluate what is genuinely significant and realize what they cherish most.

ADAPTABILITY FACTORS

Human adaptability means that many survivors will inevitably recover from tragedies over time. En özel ve reel kızlar sizleri bu platformda bekliyor. They won’t experience serious, persistent mental health problems; they will go on. Following disasters, certain variables foster resilience: Social assistance

Social support is one of the cornerstones of rehabilitation after any trauma, even disaster. Following a significant trauma, social support improves well-being and reduces distress. This can also be done with the internet and technology has made significant advancements. When connected to others, acquiring the knowledge required for disaster recovery is more straightforward. • Real-world assistance in problem-solving through social support.

  • A feeling of comprehension and acceptance.
  • Exchanging traumatizing experiences.
  • Some solace from knowing your experiences and reactions are not “odd.”
  • Exchanged coping skills advice.

COPING ASSURANCE

The ability to cope well, or “thinking that you can do it,” has repeatedly been linked to better mental health outcomes for disaster survivors. You often recover more quickly after a catastrophe if you believe you can handle whatever life throws. It’s not a general sense of being able to take things. It has been shown that what aids survivors in recovering is the belief that they can deal with the effects of a calamity.

TO SUM IT UP

Both physical and mental reactions can result from disasters. Poor social support and proximity to the tragedy can result in a slower recovery. Conversely, mental health issues are less frequent when you are part of a community and feel capable of handling the aftermath of the disaster. People are generally substantial, and most survivors will bounce back from the tragedy.

REFERENCES

HWD, (2021).  Artificial Intelligence. Online Available at <https://www.helpwithdissertation.co.uk/blog/artificial-intelligence/> [Accessed on 15th March 2023]

Hareven, T. (1982). Family time and industrial time. Cambridge University Press.

 

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